The Seven Tablets of Creation
Known as The Enuma Elish. This is a Babylonian epic poem from the late second millennium, BCE. It tells the story of how the universe came into being, a great struggle among the gods, and the creation of the world and humanity.
The name ‘Enuma Elish’ comes from the first two words of the poem, meaning ‘when on high’ or ‘when in the heights.’ The Enuma Elish comes from Babylon, and the best text we have is written in the Akkadian language, using cuneiform script, on seven tablets. The poem was read as part of the ritual for the Akitu festival, which marked the Babylonian new year.
The story of Enuma Elish has two basic parts. The first involves a cosmogony, the beginning of the universe, and a theogony, the birth of the gods. The second part of the epic tells of the battle between the god Marduk and the chaos-dragon Tiamat and how Marduk became the king of the gods. The work ends with the construction of a city for Marduk, Babylon, and a temple for him, called Esagilla, in the city. Finally, Marduk is enthroned as chief god.